Among all the continents of the Earth Antarctica stands apart. Here are the most interesting facts about Antarctica.
In translation, the name of this continent means "opposite the bear". In ancient times, the Greeks called "Arktikos" an icy wind. They did it in honor of the constellation Ursa Major, located above the North Pole of the Earth.
Officially, the continent was opened by a team of sailors of the Russian naval circumnavigation. The leadership was entrusted to Thaddeus Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. This event dates back to 1820.
Antarctica is not part of any state. At this time, claims were made from Australia, Argentina and Great Britain, after negotiations in 1959 in the "Treaty on Antarctica" the continent was designated a nature reserve, used for peace and science. Under this agreement 48 signatures were signed.
Antarctica has no time zones. Researchers working on the continent use either the time of their native country, or the time of the country from which they are supplied with equipment and food.
The continent is the place for setting a number of records. Among them, not only cold and dry, but also the most powerful solar radiation, as well as points where there is an extremely strong and prolonged wind.
Antarctica does not have its permanent citizens, the only temporary inhabitants of these inhospitable places are scientists. In winter, their number does not exceed 1 thousand people, increasing in summer to 5 thousand.
Speaking about interesting facts about Antarctica, we note that the typical "summer" month here is February - then on the continent the warmest weather is set in the year. During this period, and replace the staff of researchers.
The first newborn appeared on the continent only in 1978. The name of this infant of Argentine nationality is Emilio.
The share of scientists from Russia working on the ice continent is high and fluctuates in the range of 4-10 percent.